Ganga Plan-II

Last Updated on : Monday, Oct 3 2022 11:39AM


The Gomti Action Plan (GoAP) was formulated in the year 1993 for three towns, namely Sultanpur, Jaunpur and Lucknow situated along the banks of river Gomti. The approved cost of the project was Rs. 61.01 Crores against which the component for Sultanpur and Jaunpur was Rs. 10.72 Crores and that for Lucknow was Rs. 50.29 Crores.

It has been proposed to intercept, divert and treat 7 mld.. sewage at Sultanpur and 14 mld.. at Jaunpur. The implementation of the project in these towns was started on the sanctioned schemes but was delayed primarily due to delay in acquisition of land. In the mean time the cost of works also went up to Rs. 8.99 Crore for Sultanpur and Rs. 18.12 Crore for Jaunpur. A comprehensive DPR costing Rs. 23.08 Crore for remaining works at Sultanpur-Jaunpur has been submitted to Govt. of India, but its approval is still awaited. In the meanwhile, such works at Sultanpur were taken up for completion which can be made functional within the approved cost. Accordingly STP of 1.7 mld capacity has been completed . Efforts are being made to get the revised cost estimate approved by the Govt. of India at the earliest so that works could be taken up.


The pollution of river Gomti at Lucknow is mainly due to discharge of 26 drains directly into the river in the city area. Presently the quantity of effluent being discharged in the river is about 345 mld. which is likely to increase to about 440 mld.. in the year 2011.

The Gomti Action Plan at Lucknow was started in the year 1995 with British financial assistance through the erstwhile Overseas Development Agency (ODA) of the Govt. of U.K., in which Rs 5.92 crores were spent on cleaning of few trunk sewers and their Close Circuit Television (CCTV) survey, some emergent sewerage works, cleaning of two major nalas, namely Sarkata and Pata Nala.

The British Govt. however, terminated the financial assistance in July 1997. There after the GoAP is being funded by GOI & GoUP. For interception and diversion of five drains falling into river Gomti in upstream region and treatment of sewage, total 9 schemes have been approved by Govt. of India for Rs. 42.90 crore against which 7 schemes of interception and diversion and 42 mld sewage treatment plant have been completed and made functional. 2 schemes (Kukrail IPS and Rising Main) were sanctioned by GOI in June 2003 which are still under execution. For diversion and treatment of sewage of remaining 19 drains at Lucknow, a comprehensive project costing Rs. 263.26 Crore has been approved by Govt. of India under GoAP-II. Two new STP have been proposed for which land acquisition activity is in progress. An expenditure of Rs.15.617 crore has been incurred by the end of December 2005 under GoAP-II.


The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) is being implemented in 12 towns situated on the bank of river Ganga. Out of these 12 towns, 8 towns including 4 towns of phase-I are taken up under Ganga Action Plan (Main Stem), 3 towns are taken up under Ganga Action Plan (Supreme Court) as per directions of Hon,ble Supreme Court and 1 town (Kanpur) is taken up under Ganga Action Plan Support Project


The Ganga Action Plan (Main Stem) covers additional works in the 4 towns of phase-I and 4 new towns, ie., In 8 towns, namely Varanasi, Allahabad, Farrukhabad, Mirzapur(Vindhyachal), Garhmukteshwar, Mughalsarai, Saidpur and Ghazipur. The cost of the works in all 8 towns, as approved by Govt, of India is Rs. 101.04 Crore.


Under the Ganga Action Plan Phase-I at Varanasi, 3 sewage treatment plants were constructed with total installed capacity of 101.80 mld.. However, the present waste water flow generated in the town is about 309 mld. Hence, it is necessary to implement further I&D and treatment works which have been taken up under GAP (Phase-II). The Hon'ble High Court, Allahabad too has given directions to make fool-proof arrangements for abatement of pollution of river Ganga at the holy cities of Varanasi and Allahabad.

The Present approved C.C.E.A. cost for Varanasi is Rs. 47.52 Crores. 4 schemes including a scheme for 37 mld STP, costing Rs. 43.92 Crore have been approved by Govt. of India against available approved C.C.E.A. cost which are under construction.


Allahabad is situated at the confluence of river Ganga and Yamuna. The GAP (Phase-I) covered interception and diversion of a total of 90 mld of waste water, out of which 87 mld was diverted from Yamuna segment and 3 mld from Ganga segment. A 60 mld STP was constructed at Naini. However, at present about 210 mld waste water is flowing in the drains joining river Ganga and Yamuna . Therefore, after the diversion of 90 mld.. in phase-I, 120 mld of waste water still remains to be intercepted and diverted as well as sewage treatment capacity too has to be enhanced by augmenting the existing STP as also by constructing new STPs. The present approved C.C.E.A. cost for Allahabad is Rs. 34.49 Crores against which a scheme for interception and diversion of a drain and a scheme for 29 mld capacity STP have been approved by GOI.


For the additional works (in addition to sanctioned projects) required for the year 2030 at Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur and Varanasi, financial assistance has been sought from Japan Bank of International Cooperation (JBIC). Under this, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has finalized feasibility reports for above 4 towns in co-operation with U P Jal Nigam, Jal Sansthans and Nagar Nigams. As per these reports, the cost of works required for the year 2015 is given below : (In Rs. Crore)

Lucknow 327.48
Allahabad 304.32
Kanpur 422.28
Varanasi 483.18

Varanasi town has been given priority by GOI and a bi-lateral agreement has been signed between Govt. of India and JBIC for schemes for Varanasi towns, against which DPRs are being prepared by Jal Nigam and the works are expected to start soon.


For the other 6 Main Stem towns, i.e., Garhmukteshwar, Farrukhabad, Mirzapur (Vindhyachal), Mughalsarai, Saidpur and Ghazipur, the approved C.C.E.A. Cost is Rs. 19.03 Crore. A total of 33 mld. Waste water discharging in the river Ganga is proposed to be intercepted, diverted and treated in these towns. For this purpose, 4 nos. STPs are proposed to be constructed.


3 towns namely Bijnore, Anupshahar and Chunar have been taken up under the GAP (Phase-II) on the direction of Hon'ble Supreme Court of India. A total of 21 mld. Waste water discharging in the river Ganga is proposed to be intercepted, diverted and treated in these towns. For this purpose, 3 nos. STPs are proposed to be constructed.

A total of 17 schemes proposed for these towns, 10 schemes costing Rs. 12.74 crores have been approved by Govt. of India, out of which works of 4 schemes have been completed and an expenditure of Rs. 4.53 Crore has been incurred up to the end of December 2005.


In the phase-I of the Ganga Action Plan, the pollution abatement works at Kanpur were executed with financial assistance from the Royal Netherlands Govt. These works could take care of only 171 mld. of sewage discharging into the river Ganga. However, as the waste water generation in the town is about 371 mld, therefore, 200 mld is still finding its way into the river. The further works required to intercept, divert and treat the remaining 200 mld of sewage, along with works for water supply improvement and rehabilitation, low cost sanitation and solid waste management have been taken up in GAP (Phase-II) . This project at Kanpur has been named as Ganga Action Plan-Support Project (GAPSP) and for execution of the same, a grant agreement between the Govt. of India and the Royal Netherlands Govt. has been entered into in July, 1997 for financial support of NLG 51.24 million, i.e., Indian Rs. 105 Crore. The present approved C.C.E.A. cost for Kanpur town is Rs. 90.29 Crore.

Out of total 17 proposed schemes under GAPSP, 16 schemes (14 by GOI and 2 by GoUP) have been approved for a total cost of Rs. 115.42 Crore against which 4 schemes have been completed. Scheme for 200 mld STP costing Rs. 67.17 crore is still under process of approval with Govt. of India. The financial assistance from Netherlands Govt. has been stopped and the project is being financed by GOI as centrally sponsored scheme. An expenditure of Rs. 71.267 Crore has been incurred up to the end of December 2005.

The component wise status of Ganga Action Plan (Phase-II) works

The component wise status of Ganga Action Plan (Phase-II) works
S.No. Component No. of Towns CCEA Cost Total DPRs. Sanctioned DRPs Expend up to 12/2005 No of Comp. DRPs
Nos. Cost
1 Yamuna 8 414.67 145 144 293.016 287.673 144
2 Gomti 3 324.27 22 22 314.475 54.262 16
3 Ganga (Main Staim) 8 101.04 33 22 118.921 28.502 8
4 Ganga (Supreme Court) 3 18.14 17 10 12.737 4.531 4
5 Ganga Support Project 1 90.29 17 16 115.419 71.627 4
Total 23 948.41 234 214 854.568 446.596 176


Under the National Lake Conservation Plan, Ramgarh Tal of Gorakhpur, Mansi Ganga Tal of Govardhan, Mathura, Laxmi Tal of Jhansi and Madan Sagar of Mahoba have been proposed. Detail Project Reports (DPR) for pollution control works of these lakes costing Rs.142.22 Crore have been prepared and submitted to Govt. of India for approval. Out of above Mansi Ganga Tal of Govardhan, Mathura has been given priority and its DPR is under consideration of GOI for approval